Eight head theory.
taken 1″ below the chin. The head is considered the first portion of the human body and the chin is considered a first imaginary line. 2. Chin to nipple: The upper body garments are prepared according to the size of the chest only. This is the second part and the second imaginary line passes through the nipples and the armscye. This line denotes the bust level.
3. Nipple to navel: The next imaginary line passes through the navel; shoulder to waist is measured up to the navel points. This level is the waist level. But for proper garment fitting, the waist measurement for ladies is taken 1″ above the waist level and for men 1/2” below the line.
4. Navel to pubic organs: This part is most important for lower body garments. The lower body garments are cut based on the hip size. The hip level is usually 3–4″ above this imaginary line. This is the most heavy or fat part of the body. This is also as important as the chest measurements.
5. Pubic organ to mid-thigh: This part is important mainly for arm measurements. The fingertips normally end near this line. The length of the arms is measured as 3 heads.
6. Mid thigh to small: The part below the knee is known as small. The knee level is about 2–3″ above this imaginary line. Length of gowns is taken around this head.
7. Small to ankle: This head is important for full-length garments like trousers. These garments usually end here. The calf level is above this head. Housecoats, nightgowns, etc. end at the calf level.
8. Ankle to feet: The eight heads are imagined on assuming a person standing on the toes. This is the last head and it comprises only the feet. This is necessary for tight fitting leggings and floor-length garments like evening gowns.
Advantages of the Eight Head Theories
1. By the knowledge of eight head theory, the observation of the body structure becomes easy.
2. It will facilitate drafting and fitting. If there happens to be any fault, then it shall be detected and rectified.
3. Knowledge of body structure shall be helpful in taking correct measurement and this will result in correct cutting and the garment shall be stitched properly.
4. Work shall be easily and speedily executed.